Narrative Text adalah – Pengertian, Generic Structure, Language Features, Contoh, Latihan Soal

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Narrative Text adalah – Pengertian, Generic Structure, Language Features, Contoh, Latihan Soal

Narrative Text: Pengertian, Generic Structure, Language Features, Contoh, Latihan Soal


Narrative text 

Merupakan salah satu pelajaran yang sering sekali  muncul dalam kehidupan sehari-hari khususnya di lingkungan pendidikan Bahasa Inggris. Apabila anda adalah seorang peserta didik, siswa atau pun siswi pasti sudah tidak asing dengan istilah Narrative Text. Dalam proses belajar mengajar untuk Bahasa Inggris di tingkat menengah, baik itu SMP atau pun SMA, bahkan di Perguruan Tinggi atau Universitas, pasti! tidak akan terlepas dari topik yang satu ini yaitu Narrative Text. Hal ini terbukti dalam Kurikulum dan Satuan Ajar Pendidikan dimana setiap peserta didik dituntut untuk bisa menceritakan sebuah kisah, dongeng atau pun cerita dalam bentuk tulisan. Oleh karena itu anda setidaknya mampu memahami contoh tentang Narrative Text dengan sangat baik agar ketika anda membaca cerita Bahasa Inggris, anda mampu mencerna dan memahami cerita tersebut.

Artikel ini akan membantu anda memahami lebih detail tentang Narrative Text.


Pengertian Narrative Text

Narrative Text is an imaginative story to entertain people (sebuah cerita imajinasi untuk menghibur orang).

Jadi dapat disimpulkan bahwa Narrative Text adalah sebuah teks yang berisi tentang kisah cerita imajinasi dalam tulisan yang memiliki beberapa rangkaian peristiwa yang saling berhubungan.

Rangkaian cerita tersebut dapat anda pahami dalam penjelasan berikut ini mengenai Generic Structure.


Generic Structure of Narrative Text

1. Orientation

It is about the opening paragraph where the characters in the story are introduced.

Dalam penjelasan tentang Orientation ada beberapa garis bawah yang akan membantu anda memahami bagaimana cara membuat sebuah Orientation.

Hal yang pertama yang harus anda tulis dalam sebuah cerita Narrative Text adalah:

Anda perkenalkan terlebih dahulu mengenai tokoh dan karakter masing-masing, lalu berikutnya adalah setting atau tempat dan waktu terjadinya sebuah cerita tersebut.

Hidup ini merupakan sebuah panggung sandiwara dimana setiap kita memiliki peranan dalam topeng masing-masing.

Contoh berikut merupakan tahap pengenalan/ Orientation. Hal ini bertujuan agar pembaca dapat mengenal terlebih dahulu tentang tokoh-tokoh dalam kisah cerita tersebut dengan maksud agar pembaca dapat menggunakan daya imajinasi mereka masing-masing mengenai latar belakang tempat dan kejadian, karena setiap pembaca memiliki persepsi yang berbeda antara yang satu dan yang lain.

Berikut ini adalah penerapan tulisan dalam Narative Text

Once upon a time in love’s life story. In this world, there are a lot of words to say something. Pretty was a word to call Gina as 21 years of her old. Gina was so sexy with her long black hair. She was an independent girl because she lived alone without her parents anymore. In a dark cold situation at Avenue Street, the story began. Gina met with a guy, called Tom. He was so charming at that time. Nothing last nothing more, they loved each other. As a wise man said that love is in the air when you look something beauty deep down inside.


2. Complication

Where the problems in the story developed.

Dalam tahap ini akan banyak sekali tulisan-tulisan tentang permasalahan yang muncul ke permukaan. 
Karena hidup ini penuh warna, ada saatnya kita jatuh cinta dan pastinya akan ada pula saat untuk patah hati. Ini hanya masalah waktu saja. Tetapi memang seperti itu lah kehidupan yang kita jalani di dunia ini. Roda terus berputar dan detik pun terus bergerak maju. Pada saat ini mengalami duka yang dalam, tetapi ingat! Badai pasti berlalu dan duka pun akan menjadi suka yang tak kan pernah mampu dibayar oleh materi. Tetap semangat menjalani hidup ini. Karena hidup hanya sekali dan itu pun tak akan lama so Do Your Best Shot!

Saya akan meneruskan cerita di atas untuk bagian ke-2 ini yaitu Complication.

Check this out!

Following the setting sun, they proved that love was gold in this life. They spent their time as together as they did, like a puzzle which has a unique form to complete one part. Falling in love is so quite easy but to be faithful in love. It’s ain’t easy. Gina has a best friend in her apartment. She is Jane. Most of the people said that they were a twin. Tom visited Gina’s apartment to pick her up into the party. Tom was not a good boy in this situation when he met Jane. “This is not a perfect timing”, in his mind. Tom and Gina went to the party. They danced all long night, laugh as like as wine when you get drunk. The day after tomorrow, Tom went to Gina’s apartment but Gina was not at home. Jane opened the door and pleased Tom to enjoy himself. Jane knew that Tom is a boyfriend of her best mate. This is perfect timing Tom as the devil said in his mind. So Tom asked a few questions to Jane and they made a conversation take Jane into his trap. It was not running well, Gina found them in an empty room with romantic love in actions. Shocking was the only thing that expressed in her beautiful face. Running was the best way to survive. It was like a big hole in her chest to stand as Gina’s position. A Broken heart was a signature in her life at that time.


3. Resolution

Where the problems in the story are solved.

Dalam bagian ini, sedikit demi sedikit, permasalahan dari jalan cerita mengalami titik terang.
Ya.. tak ubahnya seperti Badai yang pasti akan berlalu. begitu pula dengan setiap masalah yang datang dan pasti seiring dengan jalan keluarnya masing-masing apabila kita tetap tenang dan selalu berusaha untuk mencari solusi yang terbaik diantara yang paling baik.

Saya akan melanjutkan kisah cerita di atas dengan menggunakan Resolution yang bertujuan untuk mencari jalan keluar dari semua masalah yang ada. Let’s go!

In a state of fragile heart, Tear was a hope that brought into peace in a moment. Gina was so complicated with her feeling. She got lost in a crowd until Jack was as a nice person came and helped her to get up. Jack took her to his home to save her from the cold night. Jack was an artist who loved drawing. Then he asked Gina as a model for his masterpiece. Gina enjoyed every moment with Jack. The next night, Gina took her phone and made a calling for Tom. She said that she was fine. Tom went to Jack’s house and found Gina in good condition. Gina showed something to Tom. It was a picture created by Jack. Tom was so angry when he looked at that picture. He was mad and wasn’t under control. Gina tried to make him calm, but it was not a success. So the last words of Gina were “goodbye, Tom because I’m done”. Then Gina left him forever.

Tidak jarang bila susunan Generic Structure of Narrative Text dapat memiliki susunan sebagai berikut:

  1. Orientation, 
  2. Complication, 
  3. Evaluation, 
  4. Resolution  
  5. Reorientation.

Dalam pembuatan Narrative Text “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation” merupakan bagian pilihan yang bisa ditambahkan.

  • Evaluation berisi penilaian/ evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik.
  • Reorientation berisi kesimpulan akhir dari kisah cerita.

Language Features Narrative Text

Dalam pembuatan Narrative Text, anda wajib menguasai Grammar yaitu “Past Tense” karena Past Tense adalah menu pokok yang akan anda tulis pada Narrative Text.

Catatan penting:
Tidak semua kalimat yang ada dalam Narrative Text adalah Past Tense tetapi 80% Tense ini digunakan di dalam pembuatan Narrative Text.

Past Tense memiliki beberapa varian di dalamnya, yaitu meliputi:

  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Future Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense

Kategori Narrative Text

  • Fiction/ Fiksi
  • Non Fiction/ Non Fiksi
  • Fairytale/ Dongeng
  • Folklore/ Cerita Rakyat
  • Fable/ Cerita Binatang

Berikut ini adalah penggabungan dari bagian-bagian yang ada pada Narrative Text dalam sebuah paragraf utuh.


Contoh Narrative Text 1

Always

Once upon a time in love’s life story. In this world, there are a lot of words to say something. Pretty was a word to call Gina as 21 years of her old. Gina was so sexy with her long black hair. She was an independent girl because she lived alone without her parents anymore. In a dark cold situation at Avenue Street, the story began. Gina met with a guy, called Tom. He was so charming at that time. Nothing last nothing more, they loved each other. As a wise man said that love is in the air when you look at something beauty deep down inside.

Following the setting sun, they proved that love was gold in this life. They spent their time as together as they did, like a puzzle which has a unique form to complete one part. Falling in love is so quite easy but to be faithful in love. It’s ain’t easy. Gina has a best friend in her apartment. She is Jane. Most of the people said that they were a twin. Tom visited Gina’s apartment to pick her up into the party. Tom was not a good boy in this situation when he met Jane. “This is not a perfect timing”, in his mind. Tom and Gina went to the party. They danced all long night, laugh as like as wine when you get drunk. The day after tomorrow, Tom went to Gina’s apartment but Gina was not at home. Jane opened the door and pleased Tom to enjoy himself. Jane knew that Tom is a boyfriend of her best mate. This is perfect timing Tom as the devil said in his mind. So Tom asked a few questions to Jane and they made a conversation take Jane into his trap. It was not running well, Gina found them in an empty room with romantic love in actions. Shocking was the only thing that expressed on her beautiful face. Running was the best way to survive. It was like a big hole in her chest to stand as Gina’s position. A Broken heart was a signature in her life at that time.

In a state of fragile heart, Tear was a hope that brought into peace in a moment. Gina was so complicated with her feeling. She got lost in a crowd until Jack was as a nice person came and helped her to get up. Jack took her to his home to save her from the cold night. Jack was an artist who loved drawing. Then he asked Gina as a model for his masterpiece. Gina enjoyed every moment with Jack. The next night, Gina took her phone and made a calling for Tom. She said that she was fine. Tom went to Jack’s house and found Gina in good condition. Gina showed something to Tom. It was a picture created by Jack. Tom was so angry when he looked at that picture. He was mad and wasn’t under control. Gina tried to make him calm, but it was not a success. So the last words of Gina were “goodbye, Tom because I’m done”. Then Gina left him forever.


Contoh Narrative Text 2

Malin Kundang

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

Very long time earlier, there was a poor household which included a mother and also her only child, Malin Kudang. Malin’s dad was gone when he was a baby. Malin’s mother worked so difficultly throughout the day, so they might eat and survive.

Malin was a good wise boy, yet he was a bit naughty. He always helped her mom. He enjoyed her so much. Time went quickly, Malin grew up to be a great looking, wise, and strong man. Although he and also her mom had actually functioned so hard, they were still inadequate. Feeling unfortunate seeing his mom still worked in her senior time, Malin requested leaving to locate a job in a big city.

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

“Ma, I intend to most likely to a huge city to find a work,” asked Malin.
“Don’t leave me alone, boy?” said his mommy.
“I should go, Ma. I do not wish to see you work hard any longer. I guarantee I’ll return.” claimed Malin.

With tough feeling, Malin’s mommy allowed her boy to go. The next day Malin went to the large city by ship. Malin excelled looking, wise, and solid male. Numerous ladies felt crazy with him, consisting of a daughter of the wealthiest vendor in the city. Malin also really was fell in love with her too. To marry the girl, Malin functioned so difficultly. He also hid all his past; his beginning as well as his own mother. In short, they lastly married. Malin then ended up being the wealthiest man in the city with many vendor ships, a huge lovely residence, as well as numerous servants.

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

Malin was prosperous right now, but he forgot his very own mother. He forgot his mother who in all her prays cried wishing Malin’s safety and security. He forgot his mother who constantly waited her kid returned every early morning in the harbor. He neglected his mom that enjoyed as well as missed her child, Malin, so much. Yet, Malin never came back.

Eventually, Malin’s partner wished to go vacation in the next island which took 3 days cruising. So Malin prepared his big lavish ship and also whatever to cruise. However, in the center of his trip, storm blockaded his ship. Therefore, the ship needed to board in the closest island, the island where Malin was born.

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

It was an uncommon event, a huge extravagant ship boarded in the harbor of the island where all the villagers were an angler. So, when the ship boarded, every citizen near the harbor came to see, including Malin’s mother. Malin’s mom was a shock as well as wept happily. She saw Malin in that ship. She saw Malin returned to see his mom. With hurry, Malin’s mom most likely to fulfill her beloved child.

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

“Is that you, Malin? Is that you, my precious child? I’m your mommy, you bear in mind?” asked Malin’s mom.
“Son? She claimed you are her boy? Is it real, Malin? Is this bad, old, stink lady your mommy?” Malin’s wife shocked.
“No. No, my dear better half. I have no idea this poor lady. I am not sure you bad, old, have an odor female!” stated Malin.

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

What Malin stated really injure his mother heart. She cried and cried. She really did not think that her own kid did terrible point on her, his mom. With anger, she prayed to the almighty God to respond exactly what her son had actually done to her.

Cerita Malin Kundang dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Terjemahan

Unexpectedly, the wind blew hard and also the tornado roared. Malin and his better half returned to the ship take shelter. The tornado got worst as well as hit Malin’s hip, destroyed it. Every person inside was died, including Malin’s better half. Malin himself was cursed. His body was transformed to rock as well as allied with the coral reef.


Terjemahan

Malin Kundang

Pada zaman dahulu kala, ada sebuah keluarga miskin yang terdiri dari sorang ibu dan anak satu-satunya yang bernama Malin Kundang. Bapak dari Malin sudah tiada ketika dia masih bayi. Sedangkan, ibu Malin bekerja sangat keras sepanjang hari agar mereka bisa makan dan bertahan hidup.

Sang anak, Malin adalah anak baik dan pintar, meskipun agak sedikit nakal. Ia selalu membantu ibunya setiap saat dan sangat mencintainya. Tidak terasa waktu cepat berlalu , Malin pun tumbuh menjadi pria pintar, tampan, dan kuat. Namun, meskipun ia dan ibunya bekerja sangat keras, masih saja mereka tetap miskin. Akhrinya Malin pun sedih melihat ibunya masih bekerja di waktu tuanya, ia akhirnya meminta ijin pergi untuk mencari kerja di kota.

“Mak, saya ingin pergi ke kota besar untuk mencari pekerjaan.” Ungkapnya.
“Hmm, Jangan tinggalkan ibu sendiri anakku.” jawab Ibunya.
“Tapi, saya harus pergi, Ma. Saya tidak mau melihat Ma bekerja keras seperti ini. Saya janji saya akan kembali ketika sukses nanti.” sambutnya.
Akhirnya, dengan perasaan berat hati, sang ibu merelakan anaknya pergi ke kota.

Pada keesokan harinya, Malin pergi ke kota besar dengan menumpang sebuah kapal besar. Sang malin adalah pria yang tampan, cerdas, dan kuat. Hal ini membuat banyak gadis jatuh cinta, termasuk juga puteri sodagar terkaya di kota tersebut.
Ternyata Malin juga jatuh cinta padanya. Oleh karena itu, untuk menikahi gadis itu, ia bekerja sangat keras. Ia bahkan mengubur semua masa lalunya, mulai dari asal, bahkan ibu kandungnya sendiri. Hingga akhirnya mereka menikah. Kemudian ia pun menjadi orang terkaya di kota dengan memiliki banyak rumah besar, kapal dagang, dan banyak buruh atau budak.

Sang Malin pun hidup dengan sejahtera saat itu, namun dia lupa akan ibu kandungnya. Ia lupa ibunya yang selalu berdoa memohon keselamatannya. Ia lupa ibunya yang selalu menunggu anaknya kembali setiap pagi di tepi laut. Ia lupa ibunya yang sangat mencintai dan merindukannya. Namun, Malin tidak pernah kembali.
Pada Suatu hari, istri Malin ingin pergi liburan di pulau sebarang yang memakan waktu 3 hari perjalanan menggunakan kapal. Malin pun menyiapkan kapal besar mewah miliknya untuk berlayar kesana. Namun, di tengah perjalanan kesana, badai menghadang laju kapalnya, sehingga menyebabkan kapal harus berlabuh di pulau paling dekat. Tak disadari ternyata pulau tersebut adalah pulau dimana Malin lahir.

Langka sekali, sebuah kapal mewah besar berlabuh di pelabuhan pulau dimana semua warganya adalah nelayan ikan. Pada saat kapal tersebut berlabuh, ramai warga yang tinggal dekat pelabuhan datang untuk melihat dan berkumpul, termasuk pula ibunya Malin. Sang ibu pun terkejut dan menagis senang. Ia melihat Malin di kapal tersebut. Ia melihat Malin kembali untuk menemui sang ibu. Dengan teburu buru, Sang Ibu Malin pergi menemui anak tercintanya, Malin.

“Hei, Apakah itu kau, Malin? Apa kah itu kau, anakku yang tercinta? Saya ibu mu, kamu masih ingat?” Tanya Ibu.
“Hah, Anak? Ia bilang kamu adalah anaknya? Apakah itu benar, Malin ku sayang? Wanita miskin, bau, tua ini adalah ibumu?” sang Istri Malin terkejut.
“haah, Buk.. Bukan, istri ku sayang. aku tidak tahu wanita miskin ini. Aku tidak tahu kamu wanita tua, miskin bau!” Jawab Malin.

Jawaban dari Malin tersebut sugguh melukai hati ibunya. Sang Ibu pun menangis. Iia tidak percaya anak kandungnya akan melakukan hal buruk itu padanya. Dengan pasrah, ia berdoa kepada Tuhan yang kuasa untuk membalas apa yang telah anaknya perbuat kepada dirinya.

Tak disangka tiba-tiba, angin bertiup kencang dan badai bergemuruh dengan hebat. Kemudian, Malin dan istrinya kembali ke kapalnya untuk berlindung. Badai tersebut menjadi lebih buruk dan menghantam kapal Malin hingga menhancurkannya. Hampir setiap orang yang berada di dalam meninggal, termasuk juga istri Malin. Tak disangka, Malin sendiri terkutuk dan tubuhnya berubah menjadi batu dan menyatu dengan karang.

Simak juga beberapa contoh Narrative Text di sini:

Latihan Soal tentang Narrative Text

Jika sudah paham tentang Narrative Text, silahkan kerjakan soal serta ikuti pembahasan tentang Narrative Text di sini: