Explanation Text: Pengertian, Structure, Ciri, Contoh dan Latihan Soal

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Dear Readers,

Ada beberapa fenomena alam yang terjadi di sekitar kita dapat dijelaskan dengan logika. Lalu bagaimana menjelaskan hal tersebut ke dalam Bahasa Inggris dengan menggunakan sebuah Text?

PustakaBahasaInggris.com – Artikel hari ini berisi tentang Explanation Text: Pengertian, Structure, Ciri, Contoh dan Latihan Soal. Temukan materi terkait penjelasan di bawah ini!

Explanation Text: Pengertian, Structure, Ciri, Contoh dan Latihan Soal

Explanation Text: Pengertian, Structure, Ciri, Contoh dan Latihan Soal


A. Pengertian Explanation Text

“Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena”.
Explanation adalah sebuah teks yang berisi tentang proses-proses yang berhubungan dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, sosial, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya dan lainnya.


B. Tujuan Explanation Text

Tujuan komunikatif dari explanation text adalah untuk menerangkan proses-proses yang terjadi dalam pembentukan sesuatu yang terkait dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, sosial, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya, dan lainnya yang bertujuan menjelaskan bagaimana atau mengapa hal tersebut bisa terjadi.


C. Generic Structure Explanation Text

1. General statement

General statement adalah penjelasan umum tentang fenomena yang akan dibahas, bisa berupa pengenalan fenomena tersebut atau penjelasannya.

2. Squenced of explanation

Squenced of explanation berisi tentang penjelasan proses mengapa fenomena tersebut bisa terjadi atau tercipta. Squenced of explanation berupa jawaban dari pertanyaan ‘why’ dan ‘how’ penulis ketika membuat sebuah Explanation text. Dalam Squenced of explanation bisa terdiri lebih dari satu paragrap.

3. Closing

Closing tidak tercantum dalam generic structure dari Explanation text, tetapi kebanyakan orang beranggapan bahwa paragrap terakhir dari sebuah Explanation text adalah closing, padahal itu merupakan bagian dari Squenced of explantaion yang berisi tentang langkah akhir yang dijelaskan pada bagian Squenced of explanation.


D. Ciri-ciri Explanation Text

Explanation text biasanya berasal dari pertanyaan penulis terkait ‘why’ dan ‘how’ terhadap suatu fenomena yang ada. Karena yang diangkat adalah fenomena maka fokus materinya bukan pada bendanya atau orangnya, melainkan pada kejadian atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada orang atau benda tersebut dengan menggunakan Simple Present tense sebagai suguhan utama.


E. Contoh Explanation Text

Explanation Text

Acid Rain

Acid rain is rain that is highly acidic because of sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and other air pollutants dissolved in it. Normal rain is slightly acidic, with a pH of 6. Acid rain may have a pH value as low as 2.8

Acid rain can severely damage both plant and animal life. Certain lakes, for example, have lost all fish and plant life because of acid rain. Acid rain comes from sulfur in coal and oil. When they burn, they make sulfur dioxide (SO2 ). Most sulfur leaves factory chimneys as the gaseous sulfur dioxide (SO2 ) and most nitrogen are also emitted as one of the nitrogen oxides (NO or NO2 ), both of which are gasses. The gasses may be dry deposited–absorbed directly by the land, by lakes or by the surface vegetation. If they are in the atmosphere at any time, the gasses will oxidize (gain an oxygen atom) and go into solution as acids. Sulphuric acid (H2 SO4 ) and the nitrogen oxides will become nitric acid (HNO3 ). The acids usually dissolve in cloud droplets and may travel great distances before being precipitated as acid rain. Catalysts such as hydrogen peroxide, ozone, and ammonium help promote the formation of acids in clouds. More ammonium (NH4 ) can be formed when some of the acids are partially neutralized by airborne ammonia (NH3 ). Acidification increases with the number of active hydrogen (H+) ions dissolved in acid. Hydrocarbons emitted by, for example, car exhausts will react in sunlight with nitrogen oxides to produce ozone. Although it is invaluable in the atmosphere, low-level ozone causes respiratory problems and also hastens the formation of acid rain. When acid rain falls on the ground it dissolves and liberates heavy metals and aluminum (Al). When it is washed into lakes, aluminum irritates the outer surfaces of many fish. As acid rain falls or drains into the lake the pH of the lake falls. Forests suffer the effect of acid rain through damage to leaves, through the loss of vital nutrients, and through the increased amounts of toxic metals liberated by acid, which damage roots and soil microorganisms.

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Latihan Soal

Questions

1. What is the text mainly about?
A. The definition of acid rain.
B. The process of acid rain.
C. The effect of acid rain.
D. Acid rain.
E. Rain.

2. The acid of normal rain is … then the acid rain.
A. higher
B. lower
C. denser
D. severer
E. the same

3. The third paragraph tells about ….
A. acid rain damages environment
B. how acid rain endangers life
C. how acid rain occurs
D. the cause of acid rain
E. the acid rain cause

4. What is the result of the burning of the coal and oil?
A. ammonium
B. nitric acid
C. sulphuric acid
D. sulfur dioxide
E. airborne ammonia

5. The sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides will …. into the air.
A. be absorbed directly by the vegetation
B. dissolved in the lake water and land
C. emit another sulfur gas
D. radiate an oxygen atom
E. gain an oxygen atom

6. Which of the following is not true about acid rain?
A. It contains lower pH than the normal rain.
B. It has a higher pH than the normal rain
C. It can damage animal and plant life.
D. It contains dangerous gasses.
E. It endangers water life.

7 ….  is dangerous for the scale of fish in the lake.
A. Acid rain
B. Heavy metal
C. Aluminum
D. Vital Nutrient
E. Sulphuric acid

8. What is the purpose of the text?
A. To report the acid rain in general.
B. To explain the process of acid rain.
C. To persuade the reader to prevent acid rain.
D. To discuss the danger of acid rain in the air.
E. To present two different opinions on acid rain process.

9. If they are in the atmosphere at any time, …. The italic word can be best replaced by ….
A. oil and coal
B. land and air
C. sulfur oxides
D. nitrogen oxides
E. sulfur and nitrogen oxides

10. Acid rain can severely damage both plant and animal life. The bold word has the closest meaning to ….
A. harm
B. hang
C. endow
D. produce
E. develop


Answers

1. What is the text mainly about?
A. The definition of acid rain.
B. The process of acid rain.
C. The effect of acid rain.
D. Acid rain.
E. Rain.

2. The acid of normal rain is … then the acid rain.
A. higher
B. lower
C. denser
D. severer
E. the same

3. The third paragraph tells about ….
A. acid rain damages environment
B. how acid rain endangers life
C. how acid rain occurs
D. the cause of acid rain
E. the acid rain cause

4. What is the result of the burning of the coal and oil?
A. ammonium
B. nitric acid
C. sulphuric acid
D. sulfur dioxide
E. airborne ammonia

5. The sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides will …. into the air.
A. be absorbed directly by the vegetation
B. dissolved in the lake water and land
C. emit another sulfur gas
D. radiate an oxygen atom
E. gain an oxygen atom

6. Which of the following is not true about acid rain?
A. It contains lower pH than the normal rain.
B. It has a higher pH than the normal rain
C. It can damage animal and plant life.
D. It contains dangerous gasses.
E. It endangers water life.

7 ….  is dangerous for the scale of fish in the lake.
A. Acid rain
B. Heavy metal
C. Aluminum
D. Vital Nutrient
E. Sulphuric acid

8. What is the purpose of the text?
A. To report the acid rain in general.
B. To explain the process of acid rain.
C. To persuade the reader to prevent acid rain.
D. To discuss the danger of acid rain in the air.
E. To present two different opinions on acid rain process.

9. If they are in the atmosphere at any time, …. The italic word can be best replaced by ….
A. oil and coal
B. land and air
C. sulfur oxides
D. nitrogen oxides
E. sulfur and nitrogen oxides

10. Acid rain can severely damage both plant and animal life. The bold word has the closest meaning to ….
A. harm
B. hang
C. endow
D. produce
E. develop


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