Narrative Text Fable “The Lion King” dengan Penjelasan

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Narrative Text Fable "The Lion King" dengan Penjelasan

Narrative Text Fable “The Lion King” dengan Penjelasan


Pemahaman Narrative Text

Narrative Text is an imaginative story to entertain people (sebuah cerita imajinasi untuk menghibur orang).
Saya akan menyimpulkan dari kaca mata dan sudut pandang saya mengenai Narrative Text.
Jadi dapat disimpulkan bahwa Narrative Text adalah sebuah teks yang berisi tentang kisah cerita dalam tulisan yang memiliki beberapa rangkaian peristiwa yang saling berhubungan.

Rangkaian cerita tersebut dapat anda pahami dalam penjelasan berikut ini mengenai Generic Structure.


Generic Structure of Narrative Text

1. Orientation

It is about the opening paragraph where the characters in the story are introduced.

Dalam penjelasan tentang Orientation ada beberapa garis bawah yang akan membantu anda memahami bagaimana cara membuat sebuah Orientation.

Hal yang pertama yang harus anda tulis dalam sebuah cerita Narrative Text adalah:

Anda perkenalkan terlebih dahulu mengenai tokoh dan karakter masing-masing, lalu berikutnya adalah setting atau tempat dan waktu terjadinya sebuah cerita tersebut.

Hidup ini merupakan sebuah panggung sandiwara dimana setiap kita memiliki peranan dalam topeng masing-masing.

Contoh berikut merupakan tahap pengenalan/ Orientation. Hal ini bertujuan agar pembaca dapat mengenal terlebih dahulu tentang tokoh-tokoh dalam kisah cerita tersebut dengan maksud agar pembaca dapat menggunakan daya imajinasi mereka masing-masing mengenai latar belakang tempat dan kejadian, karena setiap pembaca memiliki persepsi yang berbeda antara yang satu dan yang lain.

Berikut ini adalah penerapan tulisan dalam Narative Text

In the Pride Lands of Africa, a lion ruled over the animals as a king. The birth of King Mufasa and Queen Sarabi’s son Simba created envy and resentment in Mufasa’s younger brother, Scar, who knew his nephew now replaced him as heir to the throne. After Simba had grown into a young cub, Mufasa gave him a tour of the Pride Lands, teaching him the responsibilities of being a king and the Circle of Life. Later that day, Scar tricked Simba and his best friend Nala into exploring a forbidden elephant graveyard, despite the protests of Mufasa’s hornbill majordomo Zazu. At the graveyard, three spotted hyenas named Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed attack the cubs before Mufasa, alerted by Zazu, saved them and forgave Simba for his actions. That night, the hyenas, who were allied with Scar, plot with him to kill Mufasa and Simba.

Catatan:
Block warna biru adalah Orientation: Aktor dan Latar Belakang tempat kejadian
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense
Block warna hijau adalah kalimat pasif/ Passive Voice


2. Complication

Where the problems in the story developed.

Dalam tahap ini akan banyak sekali tulisan-tulisan tentang permasalahan yang muncul ke permukaan. 
Karena hidup ini penuh warna, ada saatnya kita jatuh cinta dan pastinya akan ada pula saat untuk patah hati. Ini hanya masalah waktu saja. Tetapi memang seperti itu lah kehidupan yang kita jalani di dunia ini. Roda terus berputar dan detik pun terus bergerak maju. Pada saat ini mengalami duka yang dalam, tetapi ingat! Badai pasti berlalu dan duka pun akan menjadi suka yang tak kan pernah mampu dibayar oleh materi. Tetap semangat menjalani hidup ini. Karena hidup hanya sekali dan itu pun tak akan lama so Do Your Best Shot!

Saya akan meneruskan cerita di atas untuk bagian ke-2 ini yaitu Complication.

Check this out!

The next day Scar lured Simba to a gorge and told him to wait there while he got Mufasa. On Scar’s orders, the hyenas stampeded a large herd of wildebeest into the gorge. Mufasa saved Simba, but as Mufasa tried to climb up the gorge’s walls, Scar threw him back into the stampede, where he was trampled to death. After Simba found Mufasa’s body, Scar convinced him he was responsible for his father’s death and advised Simba to flee the kingdom. As Simba left, Scar ordered Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed to kill the cub, but Simba escaped. That night, Scar announced to the pride that both Mufasa and Simba were killed in the stampede and stepped forward as the new king, allowing a pack of hyenas to live in the Pride Lands.

After running far away, Simba collapsed from exhaustion in a desert. Timon and Pumbaa, a meerkat and a warthog, found him and nursed him back to health. Simba subsequently grew up with them in the jungle, living a carefree life with his friends under the motto “Hakuna Matata” (“no worries” in Swahili). When he was a young adult, Simba saved Timon and Pumbaa from a hungry lioness, who turned out to be Nala. She and Simba reconciled and fell in love. Nala urged Simba to return home, telling him the Pride Lands had become a wasteland with not enough food and water. Feeling guilty over his father’s death, Simba refused and stormed off, leaving Nala disappointed and angry. As Simba exited the jungle, he encountered Mufasa’s mandrill friend and advisor, Rafiki. Rafiki told Simba that Mufasa was “alive” and took him to a pond. There Simba was visited by the ghost of Mufasa in the sky, who told him he took his rightful place as the king of the Pride Lands. Simba realized he could no longer run from his past and went home. Nala, Timon, and Pumbaa joined him and agreed to help him fight.

Catatan:
Block warna biru adalah Complication: permasalahan yang muncul
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense
Block warna hijau adalah kalimat pasif/ Passive Voice


3. Resolution

Where the problems in the story are solved.

Dalam bagian ini, sedikit demi sedikit, permasalahan dari jalan cerita mengalami titik terang.
Ya.. tak ubahnya seperti Badai yang pasti akan berlalu. begitu pula dengan setiap masalah yang datang dan pasti seiring dengan jalan keluarnya masing-masing apabila kita tetap tenang dan selalu berusaha untuk mencari solusi yang terbaik diantara yang paling baik.

Saya akan melanjutkan kisah cerita di atas dengan menggunakan Resolution yang bertujuan untuk mencari jalan keluar dari semua masalah yang ada. Let’s go!

At the Pride Lands, Simba saw Scar hit Sarabi and confronted him, but Scar taunted Simba over his “part” in Mufasa’s death. However, when Scar pushed Simba to the edge of Pride Rock, he revealed that he killed Mufasa. Enraged, Simba roared back up and forced Scar to reveal the truth to the pride. Timon, Pumbaa, Rafiki, Zazu, and the lionesses fended off the hyenas while Scar, attempting to escape, was cornered by Simba at the top of Pride Rock. Scar begged Simba for mercy, insisting that he was family and placing the blame on the hyenas. Simba no longer believed Scar, but spared his life on the grounds of forever leaving the Pride Lands. Scar appeared to comply but then attacked his nephew. After a fierce fighting, Simba threw his uncle off Pride Rock. Scar survived the fall but was attacked and eaten alive by the hyenas, who overheard his attempted to betray them.

Catatan:
Block warna biru adalah Resolution: pemecahan masalah dari kisah cerita
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense
Block warna hijau adalah kalimat pasif/ Passive Voice


4. Reorientation

The ending of the story

Bagian ini adalah akhir dari kisah cerita dimana pembaca dapat memahami pesan-pesan yang disampaikan  melalui alur dan jalan cerita sebelumnya. Singkat kata, pada bagian ini, sebuah kisah cerita akan berakhir dengan berbagai macam “ending”. Maksudnya dengan adanya Reorientation, pembaca akan dengan mudah mengetahui dan memahami akhir cerita itu. Apakah akhir dari cerita itu sedih/ sad ending, bahagia/ happy ending, atau complicated/ membingungkan.

Saya akan melanjutkan kisah cerita di atas dengan menggunakan Reorientation sebagai bagian terakhir dalam Narrative Text. Karena tujuan dari Reorientation adalah memberikan sebuah kesimpulan tentang akhir dari sebuah kisah cerita.

With Scar and the hyenas gone, Simba ascended to the top of Pride Rock and took over the kingdom as the rain fell again. Some time later, with Pride Rock restored to its former glory, Simba looked down happily at his kingdom with Nala, Timon, and Pumbaa by his side; Rafiki presented Simba and Nala’s newborn cub to the inhabitants of the Pride Lands, and the Circle of Life continued.

Catatan:
Block warna biru adalah Reorientation: kesimpulan dari kisah cerita
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense

Tidak jarang bila susunan Generic Structure of Narrative Text dapat memiliki susunan sebagai berikut:

  1. Orientation,
  2. Complication,
  3. Evaluation,
  4. Resolution
  5. Reorientation.

Dalam pembuatan Narrative Text “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation” merupakan bagian pilihan yang bisa ditambahkan.
>>> Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik.
>>> Reorientation berisi kesimpulan akhir dari kisah cerita.


Grammar of Narrative Text

Dalam pembuatan Narrative Text, anda wajib menguasai Grammar yaitu “Past Tense” karena Past Tense adalah menu pokok yang akan anda tulis pada Narrative Text.

Catatan penting: Tidak semua kalimat yang ada dalam Narrative Text adalah Past Tense tetapi 80% Tense ini digunakan di dalam pembuatan Narrative Text.
Past Tense memiliki beberapa varian di dalamnya, yaitu meliputi:

  • Simple Past
  • Past Continuous
  • Past Future
  • Past Perfect

Berikut ini adalah penggabungan dari bagian-bagian yang ada pada Narrative Text dalam sebuah paragraf utuh.


Contoh Narrative Text

The Lion King

In the Pride Lands of Africa, a lion ruled over the animals as a king. The birth of King Mufasa and Queen Sarabi’s son Simba created envy and resentment in Mufasa’s younger brother, Scar, who knew his nephew now replaced him as heir to the throne. After Simba had grown into a young cub, Mufasa gave him a tour of the Pride Lands, teaching him the responsibilities of being a king and the Circle of Life. Later that day, Scar tricked Simba and his best friend Nala into exploring a forbidden elephant graveyard, despite the protests of Mufasa’s hornbill majordomo Zazu. At the graveyard, three spotted hyenas named Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed attack the cubs before Mufasa, alerted by Zazu, saved them and forgave Simba for his actions. That night, the hyenas, who were allied with Scar, plot with him to kill Mufasa and Simba.

The next day Scar lured Simba to a gorge and told him to wait there while he got Mufasa. On Scar’s orders, the hyenas stampeded a large herd of wildebeest into the gorge. Mufasa saved Simba, but as Mufasa tried to climb up the gorge’s walls, Scar threw him back into the stampede, where he was trampled to death. After Simba found Mufasa’s body, Scar convinced him he was responsible for his father’s death and advised Simba to flee the kingdom. As Simba left, Scar ordered Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed to kill the cub, but Simba escaped. That night, Scar announced to the pride that both Mufasa and Simba were killed in the stampede and stepped forward as the new king, allowing a pack of hyenas to live in the Pride Lands.

After running far away, Simba collapsed from exhaustion in a desert. Timon and Pumbaa, a meerkat and a warthog, found him and nursed him back to health. Simba subsequently grew up with them in the jungle, living a carefree life with his friends under the motto “Hakuna Matata” (“no worries” in Swahili). When he was a young adult, Simba saved Timon and Pumbaa from a hungry lioness, who turned out to be Nala. She and Simba reconciled and fell in love. Nala urged Simba to return home, telling him the Pride Lands had become a wasteland with not enough food and water. Feeling guilty over his father’s death, Simba refused and stormed off, leaving Nala disappointed and angry. As Simba exited the jungle, he encountered Mufasa’s mandrill friend and advisor, Rafiki. Rafiki told Simba that Mufasa was “alive” and took him to a pond. There Simba was visited by the ghost of Mufasa in the sky, who told him he took his rightful place as the king of the Pride Lands. Simba realized he could no longer run from his past and went home. Nala, Timon, and Pumbaa joined him and agreed to help him fight.

At the Pride Lands, Simba saw Scar hit Sarabi and confronted him, but Scar taunted Simba over his “part” in Mufasa’s death. However, when Scar pushed Simba to the edge of Pride Rock, he revealed that he killed Mufasa. Enraged, Simba roared back up and forced Scar to reveal the truth to the pride. Timon, Pumbaa, Rafiki, Zazu, and the lionesses fended off the hyenas while Scar, attempting to escape, was cornered by Simba at the top of Pride Rock. Scar begged Simba for mercy, insisting that he was family and placing the blame on the hyenas. Simba no longer believed Scar but spared his life on the grounds of forever leaving the Pride Lands. Scar appeared to comply but then attacked his nephew. After a fierce fighting, Simba threw his uncle off Pride Rock. Scar survived the fall but was attacked and eaten alive by the hyenas, who overheard his attempted to betray them.

With Scar and the hyenas gone, Simba ascended to the top of Pride Rock and took over the kingdom as the rain fell again. Sometime later, with Pride Rock restored to its former glory, Simba looked down happily at his kingdom with Nala, Timon, and Pumbaa by his side; Rafiki presented Simba and Nala’s newborn cub to the inhabitants of the Pride Lands, and the Circle of Life continued.


Simak juga beberapa contoh Narrative Text di sini:

Jika sudah paham tentang Narrative Text, silahkan kerjakan soal serta ikuti pembahasan tentang Narrative Text di sini:

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Narrative Text Fable “The Lion King” dengan Penjelasan
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