Narrative Text Fiction “KING KONG” dengan Penjelasan

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Narrative Text Fiction “KING KONG” dengan Penjelasan


Narrative text 

Merupakan salah satu pelajaran yang sering sekali  muncul dalam kehidupan sehari-hari khususnya di lingkungan pendidikan Bahasa Inggris. Apabila anda adalah seorang peserta didik, siswa atau pun siswi pasti sudah tidak asing dengan istilah Narrative Text. Dalam proses belajar mengajar untuk Bahasa Inggris di tingkat menengah, baik itu SMP atau pun SMA, bahkan di Perguruan Tinggi atau Universitas, pasti! tidak akan terlepas dari topik yang satu ini yaitu Narrative Text. Hal ini terbukti dalam Kurikulum dan Satuan Ajar Pendidikan dimana setiap peserta didik dituntut untuk bisa menceritakan sebuah kisah, dongeng atau pun cerita dalam bentuk tulisan. Oleh karena itu anda setidaknya mampu memahami contoh tentang Narrative Text dengan sangat baik agar ketika anda membaca cerita Bahasa Inggris, anda mampu mencerna dan memahami cerita tersebut.

Artikel ini akan membantu anda memahami lebih detail tentang Narrative Text.

Selamat membaca dan semoga bermanfaat.

Kategori Narrative Text

  • Fiction/ Fiksi
  • Non Fiction/ Non Fiksi
  • Fairytale/ Dongeng
  • Folklore/ Cerita Rakyat
  • Fable/ Cerita Binatang

Pemahaman Narrative Text

Narrative Text is an imaginative story to entertain people (sebuah cerita imajinasi untuk menghibur orang).
Saya akan menyimpulkan dari kaca mata dan sudut pandang saya mengenai Narrative Text.
Jadi dapat disimpulkan bahwa Narrative Text adalah sebuah teks yang berisi tentang kisah cerita dalam tulisan yang memiliki beberapa rangkaian peristiwa yang saling berhubungan.

Rangkaian cerita tersebut dapat anda pahami dalam penjelasan berikut ini mengenai Generic Structure.


Generic Structure of Narrative Text

1. Orientation

It is about the opening paragraph where the characters in the story are introduced.

Dalam penjelasan tentang Orientation ada beberapa garis bawah yang akan membantu anda memahami bagaimana cara membuat sebuah Orientation.

Hal yang pertama yang harus anda tulis dalam sebuah cerita Narrative Text adalah:

Anda perkenalkan terlebih dahulu mengenai tokoh dan karakter masing-masing, lalu berikutnya adalah setting atau tempat dan waktu terjadinya sebuah cerita tersebut.

Hidup ini merupakan sebuah panggung sandiwara dimana setiap kita memiliki peranan dalam topeng masing-masing.

Contoh berikut merupakan tahap pengenalan/ Orientation. Hal ini bertujuan agar pembaca dapat mengenal terlebih dahulu tentang tokoh-tokoh dalam kisah cerita tersebut dengan maksud agar pembaca dapat menggunakan daya imajinasi mereka masing-masing mengenai latar belakang tempat dan kejadian, karena setiap pembaca memiliki persepsi yang berbeda antara yang satu dan yang lain.

Berikut ini adalah penerapan tulisan dalam Narative Text

In 1933, at the height of the Great Depression, New York City vaudeville actress Ann Darrow had lost her job and was hired by financially troubled filmmaker Carl Denham to star in his new film. Ann signed on when she learned her favorite playwright, Jack Driscoll, was the screenwriter. As their tramp steamer, the SS Venture made the long journey to the remote and mysterious Skull Island, Ann and Jack fell in love. Captain Englehorn began having second thoughts about the voyage, prompted by crew speculation of trouble ahead.

Catatan:

Block warna biru adalah Orientation: Aktor dan Latar Belakang tempat kejadian
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense
Block warna hijau adalah kalimat pasif/ Passive Voice

2. Complication

Where the problems in the story developed.

Dalam tahap ini akan banyak sekali tulisan-tulisan tentang permasalahan yang muncul ke permukaan. 
Karena hidup ini penuh warna, ada saatnya kita jatuh cinta dan pastinya akan ada pula saat untuk patah hati. Ini hanya masalah waktu saja. Tetapi memang seperti itu lah kehidupan yang kita jalani di dunia ini. Roda terus berputar dan detik pun terus bergerak maju. Pada saat ini mengalami duka yang dalam, tetapi ingat! Badai pasti berlalu dan duka pun akan menjadi suka yang tak kan pernah mampu dibayar oleh materi. Tetap semangat menjalani hidup ini. Karena hidup hanya sekali dan itu pun tak akan lama so Do Your Best Shot!

Saya akan meneruskan cerita di atas untuk bagian ke-2 ini yaitu Complication.

Check this out!

Deep in the southern waters, the Venture received a radio message informing Englehorn that there was a warrant out for Carl’s arrested due to his defiance of the studio’s ordered to cease production. The message instructed Englehorn to divert to Rangoon, but despite his attempt to comply, the ship became lost in the fog and run aground on the rocky shore of Skull Island. Carl and his crew explored the island to film and were attacked by vicious natives. Mike, the sound technician and one of the sailors were killed. Ann screamed as she was captured, and a loud roar was heard beyond the wall. The matriarch of the tribe vowed to sacrifice her to “Kong”, a 25 ft (8 m) tall gorilla. Englehorn killed one of the natives and his crew broke up the attack and returned to the ship. They lightened their load to float off the rocks and carry out repairs, but Jack discovered Ann had been kidnapped by natives. On the island, Ann was offered as a sacrifice to Kong by the natives. The crew returned armed but was too late as Kong took Ann and escaped into the jungle. Ann gradually won Kong over with juggling and dancing, and eventually began to grasp Kong’s intelligence and capacity for emotion.

Englehorn organized a rescue party led by First Mate Hayes and included Jack Driscoll, Carl Denham, Jimmy, Bruce Baxter, Preston, Lumpy, Herb, Choy, and several sailors. The party barely got outside of the walls before they run into a Ferructus that Hayes killed with his machine gun. The rescue party was then caught in the middle of a pack of Venatosaurus saevidicus hunting a herd of Brontosaurus bacteria, and Herb was killed along with four sailors. The rest of the rescue party came across a swamp where actor Bruce Baxter and two others left the group. The rescue party made their way to a giant fallen log when Kong attacked the rescue party. Hayes, Choy, and several other crewmen were killed after being thrown off the log by Kong to the bottom of the cliff, and the rest of the crew was shaken off the log into a ravine; Carl’s camera was destroyed as well. Kong returned to Ann and saved her from three Vastatosaurus rex, killing them. Kong then took her to his lair in the mountains. The remaining crew woke up to find themselves in a pit full of giant insects where Lumpy and two others were killed. Englehorn, Baxter and the rest of the crew returned and saved the last four members of the rescue party (Jack, Carl, Jimmy, and Preston) from the pit. As Jack continued to search for Ann, Carl decided to capture Kong. Jack went to Kong’s lair, inadvertently waking him. As Kong fought a swarm of flying Terapusmordax, bat-like rodents, Ann and Jack escaped. They arrived at the wall with the angry Kong following them, and Ann became distraught by what Carl planned to do. Kong burst through the gate and attempted to get her back, killing several sailors in the process, but was subdued when Carl knocked him out with chloroform.

Catatan:

Block warna biru adalah Complication: permasalahan yang muncul
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense
Block warna hijau adalah kalimat pasif/ Passive Voice


3. Resolution

Where the problems in the story are solved.

Dalam bagian ini, sedikit demi sedikit, permasalahan dari jalan cerita mengalami titik terang.
Ya.. tak ubahnya seperti Badai yang pasti akan berlalu. begitu pula dengan setiap masalah yang datang dan pasti seiring dengan jalan keluarnya masing-masing apabila kita tetap tenang dan selalu berusaha untuk mencari solusi yang terbaik diantara yang paling baik.

Saya akan melanjutkan kisah cerita di atas dengan menggunakan Resolution yang bertujuan untuk mencari jalan keluar dari semua masalah yang ada. Let’s go!

Back in New York, Carl presented “Kong, the Eighth Wonder of the World” on Broadway, starring Baxter and an imprisoned Kong. Ann was played by an anonymous chorus girl, and Kong became enraged after realizing that the girl on stage was not Ann. After breaking free from his chrome-steel chains, he wrecked the theater. Kong wreaked havoc around the city and chased Jack in a taxi across town. He knocked him out by stopping his taxi and flipping it, then encounters Ann again. Kong and Ann shared a moment on a frozen pond in Central Park until the army attacked. Kong climbed with Ann onto the top of the Empire State Building, where he fought off six F8C-5 Helldiver Navy planes, down three. Kong was mortally wounded by the gunfire and gazes at Ann for the last time before falling from the building to his death. As Ann was reunited with Jack, civilians, photographers, police, and soldiers gathered around Kong’s corpse. Carl took one last glimpse at him and said, “It wasn’t the airplanes. It was Beauty killed the Beast.”

Catatan:

Block warna biru adalah Resolution: pemecahan masalah dari kisah cerita
Block warna merah adalah Past Tense
Block warna hijau adalah kalimat pasif/ Passive Voice

Tidak jarang bila susunan Generic Structure of Narrative Text dapat memiliki susunan sebagai berikut:

  1. Orientation, 
  2. Complication, 
  3. Evaluation, 
  4. Resolution  
  5. Reorientation. 
Dalam pembuatan Narrative Text “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation” merupakan bagian pilihan yang bisa ditambahkan.
>>> Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik.
>>> Reorientation berisi kesimpulan akhir dari kisah cerita.

Grammar of Narrative Text

>>> Dalam pembuatan Narrative Text, anda wajib menguasai Grammar yaitu “Past Tense” karena Past Tense adalah menu pokok yang akan anda tulis pada Narrative Text.

Catatan penting: Tidak semua kalimat yang ada dalam Narrative Text adalah Past Tense tetapi 80% Tense ini digunakan di dalam pembuatan Narrative Text.
Past Tense memiliki beberapa varian di dalamnya, yaitu meliputi:

  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Future Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense

Berikut ini adalah penggabungan dari bagian-bagian yang ada pada Narrative Text dalam sebuah paragraf utuh.


Contoh Narrative Text

KING KONG

In 1933, at the height of the Great Depression, New York City vaudeville actress Ann Darrow had lost her job and was hired by financially troubled filmmaker Carl Denham to star in his new film. Ann signed on when she learned her favorite playwright, Jack Driscoll, was the screenwriter. As their tramp steamer, the SS Venture made the long journey to the remote and mysterious Skull Island, Ann and Jack fell in love. Captain Englehorn began having second thoughts about the voyage, prompted by crew speculation of trouble ahead.

Deep in the southern waters, the Venture received a radio message informing Englehorn that there was a warrant out for Carl’s arrested due to his defiance of the studio’s ordered to cease production. The message instructed Englehorn to divert to Rangoon, but despite his attempt to comply, the ship became lost in the fog and run aground on the rocky shore of Skull Island. Carl and his crew explored the island to film and were attacked by vicious natives. Mike, the sound technician and one of the sailors were killed. Ann screamed as she was captured, and a loud roar was heard beyond the wall. The matriarch of the tribe vowed to sacrifice her to “Kong”, a 25 ft (8 m) tall gorilla. Englehorn killed one of the natives and his crew broke up the attack and returned to the ship. They lightened their load to float off the rocks and carry out repairs, but Jack discovered Ann had been kidnapped by natives. On the island, Ann was offered as a sacrifice to Kong by the natives. The crew returned armed but was too late as Kong took Ann and escaped into the jungle. Ann gradually won Kong over with juggling and dancing, and eventually began to grasp Kong’s intelligence and capacity for emotion.

Englehorn organized a rescue party led by First Mate Hayes and included Jack Driscoll, Carl Denham, Jimmy, Bruce Baxter, Preston, Lumpy, Herb, Choy, and several sailors. The party barely got outside of the walls before they run into a Ferructus that Hayes killed with his machine gun. The rescue party was then caught in the middle of a pack of Venatosaurus saevidicus hunting a herd of Brontosaurus bacteria, and Herb was killed along with four sailors. The rest of the rescue party came across a swamp where actor Bruce Baxter and two others left the group. The rescue party made their way to a giant fallen log when Kong attacked the rescue party. Hayes, Choy, and several other crewmen were killed after being thrown off the log by Kong to the bottom of the cliff, and the rest of the crew was shaken off the log into a ravine; Carl’s camera was destroyed as well. Kong returned to Ann and saved her from three Vastatosaurus rexes, killing them. Kong then took her to his lair in the mountains. The remaining crew woke up to find themselves in a pit full of giant insects where Lumpy and two others were killed. Englehorn, Baxter and the rest of the crew returned and saved the last four members of the rescue party (Jack, Carl, Jimmy, and Preston) from the pit. As Jack continued to search for Ann, Carl decided to capture Kong. Jack went to Kong’s lair, inadvertently waking him. As Kong fought a swarm of flying Terapusmordax, bat-like rodents, Ann and Jack escaped. They arrived at the wall with the angry Kong following them, and Ann became distraught by what Carl planned to do. Kong burst through the gate and attempted to get her back, killing several sailors in the process, but was subdued when Carl knocked him out with chloroform.

Back in New York, Carl presented “Kong, the Eighth Wonder of the World” on Broadway, starring Baxter and an imprisoned Kong. Ann was played by an anonymous chorus girl, and Kong became enraged after realizing that the girl on stage was not Ann. After breaking free from his chrome-steel chains, he wrecked the theater. Kong wreaked havoc around the city and chased Jack in a taxi across town. He knocked him out by stopping his taxi and flipping it, then encounters Ann again. Kong and Ann shared a moment on a frozen pond in Central Park until the army attacked. Kong climbed with Ann onto the top of the Empire State Building, where he fought off six F8C-5 Helldiver Navy planes, down three. Kong was mortally wounded by the gunfire and gazes at Ann for the last time before falling from the building to his death. As Ann was reunited with Jack, civilians, photographers, police, and soldiers gathered around Kong’s corpse. Carl took one last glimpse at him and said, “It wasn’t the airplanes. It was Beauty killed the Beast.”


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