Penjelasan tentang Reported Speech “Direct Speech and Indirect Speech”

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Dear Readers,

PustakaBahasaInggris.com – Kalian pasti pernah mengutip perkataan dari orang lain dalam kehidupan percakapan kalian sehari-hari, kan?

Nah sob, ternyata dalam Belajar Mudah Bahasa Inggris istilah itu dikenal dengan “Reported Speech”

Penjelasan tentang Reported Speech "Direct Speech and Indirect Speech"


Penjelasan tentang Reported Speech

Dalam topik “Reported Speech” ada 2 hal yang akan kalian pahami, yaitu:

Direct Speech/ Kalimat Langsung

Kalimat Langsung adalah kalimat yang dikutip dari perkataan seseorang tanpa merubah kata-kata dan selalu dibubuhkan tanda kutip pada kalimatnya.

Indirect Speech/ Kalimat Tidak Langsung

Kalimat Tidak Langsung adalah kalimat yang merupakan penyampaian apa yang diucapkan seseorang tetapi di dalam kalimat tersebut terdapat perubahan kata-kata dan tidak mengubah maksud.


Pembagian Reported Speech

Kalimat Langsung dan Kalimat Tidak Langsung terbagi menjadi tiga, yaitu:

1. Kalimat Pernyataan (Statement)

Dalam kalimat pernyataan, sering digunakan kata “that” (bahwa) sebagai penghubung antar kalimat pengantar dan kalimat yang dilaporkan.

Simak contoh kalimat berikut ini:

  • Kalimat langsung: He told his friend, “I have a new car.”
    Kalimat tidak langsung: He told his friend that he had a new car.
  • Kalimat langsung: She said, “I work in an office.”
    Kalimat tidak langsung: She said that she worked in an office.

2. Kalimat Perintah (Command)

Pada kalimat perintah, kalimat langsung dan tidak langsung terbagi menjadi:

Kalimat perintah positif. Tambahkan “to” di depan kalimatnya.

  • My father asked me, “close the door.”
    >> He asked me to close the door.

Kalimat perintah negatif. Tambahkan “not to” di depan kalimatnya.

  • She told me, “don’t eat too much.”
    >> She told me not to eat too much.

3. Kalimat Pertanyaan (Question)

Pada kalimat tanya, kata-kata tanya seperti “where, when, why, what, who, how, dan lain-lain” akan digunakan sebagai kata hubung.

Contoh :

  • That girl asked me, “where do you live?”
    >> That girl asked me where I lived.
  • Jane asked me, “When did you get back from your trip?”
    >> Jane asked me when I had got back from my trip.

Jika kalimat tanya membutuhkan jawaban “yes or no”, kalian akan menggantinya dengan kata “if” atau “whether” (jika, apakah).

Contoh :

  • The teacher asked me, “have you finish your homework?”
    >> The teacher asked me if I had finished my homework.
  • John asked me, “did you see Jane at the party yesterday?”
    >> John asked me whether I had seen Jane at the party yesterday.


Perubahan Tense Reported Speech

Direct                                                  Indirect

Simple Present ————————- Simple Past

Present Continuous ——————– Past Continuous

Present Perfect ————————– Past Perfect

Present Perfect Continuous ———– Past Perfect Continuous

Simple Past —————————– Past Perfect

Past Continuous ———————— Past Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect —————————– Past Perfect

Past Perfect Continuous ————– Past Perfect Continuous

Simple Future ————————– Past Future

Future Continuous ——————— Past Future Continuous

Future Perfect ————————–  Past Future Perfect

Future Perfect Continuous ———— Past Future Perfect Continuous


Perubahan Auxiliary Reported Speech

Direct Speech                          Indirect Speech

Am/is/are ———————–  was/were

Will/shall ———————–  would/should

May  —————————– might

Have to/has to —————— had to

Must —————————– had to


Perubahan Adverb Reported Speech

Direct Speech                         Indirect Speech

Now —————————– then

Ago —————————— before

Last week ———————– the previous week

Yesterday ———————– the day before

Last night ———————– the previous night/ the night before

Yesterday morning ———— the morning day

Next —————————– the following

Next week ———————- the following week

Tomorrow morning ———– the following morning

Here —————————– there

This —————————– that

These ————————— those

Thus —————————- so

Come ————————— go


Semoga artikel ini membantu kalian memahami tentang pembuatan kalimat Reported Speech.

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