Perbedaan Penggunaan Kata “Do” dan “Make” dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contoh Kalimat

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Dear Readers,

Apakah kalian masih bingung tentang penggunaan kata “Do” dan “Make” dalam kalimat Bahasa Inggris?

Contoh:

Apa Bahasa Inggrisnya “mengerjakan PR”?
Make the homework atau do the homework?

Ragu ya…? berarti memang benar ternyata masih banyak yang kesulitan dalam membedakan penggunaan “Do” dan “Make” dalam Bahasa Inggris.

PustakaBahasaInggris.com – Artikel hari ini, saya akan memberikan kalian contoh Perbedaan Penggunaan Kata “Do” dan “Make” dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contoh Kalimat. Temukan materi Bahasa Inggris terkait penjelasan di bawah ini!

Perbedaan Penggunaan Kata "Do" dan "Make" dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contoh Kalimat

Perbedaan Penggunaan Kata “Do” dan “Make” dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contoh Kalimat


Perbedaan Penggunaan Kata “Do” dan “Make”

“Do” dan “Make” adalah kata kerja (verb 1) yang paling sering digunakan, dan kata kerja ini memiliki arti yang sama yaitu: membuat, melakukan atau menyelesaikan sesuatu. Hal inilah yang menimbulkan kebingungan saat menempatkannya pada kalimat Bahasa Inggris.

Kapan “Do” dan “Make” seharusnya digunakan?
Simak penjelasan di bawah ini


Penggunaan Kata “Do”

Kata “Do” merupakan kata kerja umum yang digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi yang dilakukan, atau ketika seseorang melakukan suatu kegiatan (aktivitas).

Contoh Kalimat
  • What are you doing right now? (What are you making right now?)
  • He does everything for his family.
  • My sister washes the clothes and I will do the ironing.
  • I’ll do anything for a smile.
  • The students do the exercise.
  • They will do the test tomorrow.
  • How did he do that?
  • Maria does her assignment.
  • Don’t do it again!
  • Le’s do it!

Kata kerja “Do” digunakan ketika seseorang melakukan suatu tindakan (action), kegiatan (activity), atau tugas (task).

Contoh:

  • do a crossword
  • do the ironing
  • do the laundry
  • do the washing
  • do the washing up

“Do” seringkali digunakan untuk sembarang pekerjaan.

Contoh:

  • do your work
  • do homework
  • do housework
  • do your job

“Do” digunakan untuk hal-hal yang bersifat umum. Dengan kata lain, menjelaskan suatu tindakan tanpa menyebutkan secara pasti jenis tindakan tersebut. Bentuk ini seringkali digunakan dengan kata ‘something’, ‘nothing’, ‘anything’, ‘everything’, dsb.

Contoh:

  • I’m not doing anything today.
  • He does everything for his mother.
  • She’s doing nothing.

Kalimat yang biasanya menggunakan “Do”

  • do badly
  • do business
  • do the dishes
  • do a favor
  • do good
  • do harm
  • do time – (to go to prison)
  • do well
  • do your best
  • do your hair
  • do your nails
  • do your worst

Expressions atau Collocations Dengan Kata “Do”

  • Do the housework
    I have to do the housework every day.
  • Do the laundry
    I want to do the laundry but I was too tired.
  • Do the dishes
    You seem tired, let me do the dishes. (wash the dishes)
  • Do work
    I think I need extra caffeine because I have to do some work.
  • Do homework
    Do your homework now!
  • Do business
    I will never do business with you again.
  • Do a good/ great/ terrible job
    You did a good job on stage last night.
  • Do a report
    I’m doing a report on the hit and run victim.
  • Do exercise
    I do exercise every morning.
  • Do your hair
    Can you wait for me, I just need to do my hair.
  • Do well
    I think I did pretty well on my final exam.
  • Do good
    I just try to do good for my environment.
  • Do the right thing
    I helped the crippled dog because I wanted to do the right thing.
  • Do your best (lakukan yang terbaik)
    Just try to do your best on this final exam.

Penggunaan Kata “Make”

Kata “Make” merupakan kata kerja yang digunakan ketika seseorang membuat sesuatu, sebuah pekerjaan yang bersifat membangun atau menciptakan sesuatu.

Contoh Kalimat
  • Sally makes a cake for her mother’s birthday.
  • Father is making toys for kids.
  • I’ll make a cup of coffee for you.
  • Make some noize, guys!
  • Amazing! He makes a guitar by his own hand.
  • Study hard and make your dreams come true.
  • I’m not sure if she can make it.
  • Axl Rose always makes awesome songs in his albums.
  • I’ll make a surprise for her birthday.
  • He makes me crazy.

Kata kerja”Make” digunakan untuk pekerjaan yang bersifat membangun (constructing), membuat (building) atau menciptakan (creating) .

Contoh:

  • make a dress
  • make food
  • make a cup of tea/coffee

“Make” seringkali digunakan untuk hal/perbuatan yang berkaitan dengan makan/makanan.

Contoh:

  • Make a meal – breakfast / lunch / dinner
    Catatan: Aktifitas-aktifitas tersebut biasanya menghasilkan sesuatu yang bisa disentuh.

Kalimat yang biasanya menggunakan “Make”

  • make amends
  • make arrangements
  • make believe – (to pretend)
  • make a choice
  • make a comment
  • make a decision
  • make a difference
  • make an effort
  • make an inquiry
  • make an excuse
  • make a fool of yourself
  • make a fortune
  • make friends
  • make a fuss
  • make a journey
  • make love
  • make a mess
  • make a mistake
  • make money
  • make a move
  • make a noise
  • make a phone call
  • make a plan
  • make a point
  • make a profit
  • make a promise
  • make a remark
  • make a sound
  • make a speech
  • make a suggestion
  • make time
  • make a visit
  • make your bed – (to prepare the bed for sleeping in)

Expressions atau Collocations Dengan Kata Make

  • Make you smile
    I just want to make you smile, because I love to see it.
  • Made of
    I can’t believe this pen is made of gold.
  • Make breakfast/ lunch/ dinner
    My sister is making breakfast for us.
  • Make a sandwich
    I want to make a sandwich. Do you want one?
  • Make a salad
    My father made a salad for the birthday party.
  • Make a cup of tea
    Can you wait here for about three minutes, I will make you a cup of tea.
  • Make a reservation
    Hello, I want to make a reservation, please!
  • Make money
    At the age of twenty, you have to make money by yourself.
  • Make a profit
    This company has to make a profit or we will face bankruptcy.
  • Make a fortune
    Formal education will make you a living, self-education will make you a fortune.
  • Make dollar
    I will be able to make a dollar from my blog.
  • Make friends
    It is not easy to make friends in a new environment.
  • Make fun of someone (mengejek seseorang)
    We should never make fun of someone.
  • Makeup (menyelesaikan masalah)
    Tio and Budi finally made up after the big fight they had yesterday.
  • Make a phone call
    If you want to make a phone call, press this button.
  • Make a joke
    If you want to get a girl’s attention, try to make a joke.
  • Make a point (menyatakan hal yang penting)
    She spoke for thirty minutes without making a point.
  • Make a bet
    I made a bet with Hans to see who could swim faster.
  • Make a complaint
    My father makes a complaint about the online shop.
  • Make a confession
    Finally, you make a confession about what you did in Hongkong.
  • Make a speech
    The headmaster made a speech about bullying at school.
  • Make a suggestion
    Can I make a suggestion? I think you should add more paragraph to your paper.
  • Make a prediction
    Paul is the name of the octopus who can make a prediction about the world cup.
  • Make an excuse
    Just stop making an excuse! Admit that you are wrong!
  • Make a promise
    Never make a promise that you can’t keep.
  • Make a fuss (ngedumel)
    I’m sorry, I came late. Please, stop making a fuss.
  • Make a comment
    My lecturer makes a few critical comments on my thesis.
  • Make plans
    I’m making plans to go to Japan next month.
  • Make a decision/ choice
    You have to make a decision in your life, especially about the career.
  • Make a mistake
    Sometimes we make a mistake in what we do, but it doesn’t mean that we failed.
  • Make progress
    I am making good progress with my blog.
  • Make an attempt/ effort (mencoba)
    Christiano Ronaldo is making an attempt to score the goal.
  • Make up your mind (memutuskan)
    I have made up my mind to go to Law School.
  • Make a discovery
    The climatologist team has made an important discovery concerning global warming.
  • Make a list
    I’m making a list of everything I need during my trip to Alaska.
  • Make sure (memastikan)
    I cannot make sure the room will be available when you arrive.
  • Make a difference (membuat perubahan)
    The reason why I join politics was that I want to make a difference for the society.
  • Make an exception (membuat pengecualian)
    I don’t give an autograph for free, but for you, I will make an exception because you are so polite.
  • Make the bed (menyiapkan/ merapihkan tempat tidur)
    Mom, my friend is going to stay over tonight. Is it oke? Yes, sure, I will make the bed.

Kombinasi Penggunaan Kata “Do” dan “Make”

Contoh Kalimat
  • I have to make a cake for her birthday, I’ll do it now!
  • Let’s do to make it!
  • If you do it hard, you can make a good score.
  • All of the things that I do, it can’t make it better.
  • He always does the greatest thing to make his parents proud.

Kesimpulan

Gunakan kata “do” untuk mengungkapkan general activities (aktivitas umum), umumnya aktivitas yang dimaksudkan disini bukanlah yang menghasilkan sesuatu yang berbentuk fisik seperti pada penggunaan kata make. Kata do juga sering digunakan bersama kata something, nothing, anything, everything.

Gunakan kata “make” saat yang kita maksudkan adalah suatu aktivitas dimana kita membuat atau menghasilkan sesuatu.

Semoga artikel ini dapat membantu menyelesaikan masalah kebingungan kalian pada saat menggunakan kata “Do” dan “Make” dalam kalimat Bahasa Inggris.

Practice, do it and make it!

Reference:

  1. http://www.bigbanktheories.com/beda-penggunaan-make-dan-do-dalam-bahasa-inggris/
  2. http://blog.penerjemahtersumpah.com/perbedaan-antara-make-do

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